Panaramic shots on the cheap

This summer I spent a couple days in the Olympic National Park. The weather wasn’t the greatest, my assistants didn’t want to go to Hurricane Ridge early in the morning to get the best light, so I figured the solution was to go big. So I took a series of photos and stitched them together in Lightroom.

We took the ferry back and I did the same with the Seattle skyline.

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seattle

Canon EF 100mm-400mm f4.5-5.6L IS II USM Lens review

I never planned on owning a 3.62 lbs./1640g lens, but the Canon EF 100mm-400mm f4.5-5.6L IS II USM is an amazing lens, situationally.  wolfFor me, the lens serves two purposes. Taking photos of birds in my backyard and going to the zoo.  If you are going for an ultralight setup this would be about the last lens you should consider buying.

It’s pretty much like carrying a brick around; my arm and neck hurt after four hours of lugging the lens around, but I ended up never taking it off the camera, because it’s a near perfect zoo lens. Ultimately, it’s lighter and less obtrusive than carrying a tripod and a lighter telephoto lens.foxxyThe biggest highlight of the lens, to me, is image stabilization mode three.  The image stabilization activates only when you engage the shutter; I’ve never had a reason to use mode one or two so far. I’ve even been able to handhold it at 1/6 of a second and still get a sharp image. giraffeUnless you are going to a zoo or on a safari, I don’t see a really good reason to travel with this lens. And on a safari, I’d probably rent a faster lens with longer reach.thinkgorillaThe f5.6 on the zoom end generally means you will have to raise your ISO to compensate. But, the noisy photo below still shows the detail still captured in this close crop. The mode three IS also allows you to leave the ISO low on some shots and instead just lower your shutter speed; just make sure the subject isn’t moving.redpandawmFor anyone who had the previous version, gone are the original version’s lack of sharpness and the push-pull zoom. It still has a lens barrel that extends with the ring zoom and some people may be concerned about dust getting inside the weather-sealing.zebragiraffeThe Canon EF 100mm-400mm f4.5-5.6L IS II USM is an extremely flexible lens and if you enjoy shooting wildlife it’s a great choice. It’s not really an ultralight choice, but if you need the versatility this lens offers for wildlife, it allows you to leave the tripod at home.

Astrophotography and the Rule of 500

It’s hard to know or remember all the “rules” of photography. One big rule is the “rule of thirds,” followed closely by the rule of “remove the lens cap”.

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30 second exposure on a Canon M5 + EF-M 22mm F2 = star trails

There are also lesser known rules, such as the rule of 500. The rule of 500 dictates how long a night sky exposure can last before star trails form on a full frame camera. For example, taking a night sky picture using a 50 mm lens, divide 500 by 50mm and the answer is ten. Ten is the maximum amount of exposure, in seconds, before star trails form. With a 500mm lens expose for 1 second or less, or trails will be present. On a 22mm lens, 22.7 would be the maximum length of exposure for sharp stars.

For a crop body, like the Canon M5, you need to multiply the lens factor by the 1.6 sensor crop factor. Since a 22mm lens on the Canon M5 is effectively a 35.2mm lens, it needs (500/(22×1.6))=14 seconds or less of exposure for no star trails.

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14 seconds on a Canon M5 + EF-M 22mm f2 lens = no trails

Following the rule of 500 will lead to much sharper night sky photos. All photos taken with my Joby tripod, and my Canon M5 with a Canon EF-M 22mm F2 lens.

For further thought, you might check out Lonelyspeck.com. They have an interesting article on setting ISO for Astrophotography.

No egrets, no regrets and the Canon EF 100-300 f5.6L

While vacationing on the Colorado River, I was told of a lovely white egret. I thought to myself, “This will be a great test for the Canon 100-300 F5.6L.”

It’s a 30-years-old lens. It was one of the first two L lens for the Canon EF lens mount. It didn’t get the standard L series weather sealing. It was pretty much the same lens as the EF 100-300 F5.6 only it had a red ring around the lens. Canon also upgraded the lens elements for the L model. It had synthetic fluorite lens elements in the first lens group and ultra-low dispersion elements in the 2nd group.

100-300

It’s hard to find one that hasn’t been abused during the past 30 years, most have some scratches, and the push-pull zoom design weakens over time and you tend to get barrel creep so if you are shooting at an angle; the lens will zoom-in or zoom-out depending if you have it tilted up or down. Some sound like they are dying as they try to seek auto-focus. I looked at two or three of them and walked away, actually I might have ran away because I didn’t want to catch whatever lens fungus was growing in them.

Then, I saw one for really cheap on eBay. At the price it went for I figured even if it’s as bad as the others, it’s still a decent price. I was shocked when I got it. The rubber ring had some oxidization, but the lens elements were clean and clear, it came with the hood, and the barrel was tight. It was like I had bought a goat to clear the blackberry bushes from my yard and instead they sent me a goat unicorn. One thing to note: unicorns and Canon 100-300 F5.6L lenses do not have Lightroom correction profiles. But it’s not a huge deal because the lens has the least distortion of any lens I own. Since it’s a full frame lens, you won’t get much vignetting on a crop sensor. But the AF speed is horrendous, and if the light is bad, it will search and search and search.

This egret was the bane of my existence the week I spent there. He loved to hide under an outcropping to bask in the early morning sun. I couldn’t approach him from the sides since the outcropping as surrounded by water and it was an overhang he would hide under. I’d sneak up on him, and away he would fly. Then he would go hide in a cove I couldn’t reach. We played that game every morning for three days, then he decided to find somewhere else to get his morning sun.

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Bird in flight, not sure it’s a bird in tight focus thought

So I was a bit sad I didn’t get the picture of the egret’s face. On the last night, we headed out to dinner at one of the floating bars on the river on a friend’s boat. I took a few picture of the bars with the Canon 100-300 f5.6L. At 695 grams, it’s not too lightweight. But for a telephoto zoom with L glass it’s a good balance.

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My son says they have the best french fries on the river, everyone else got fish tacos.

The sun was just starting to set as the boat went around the last bend headed back to home. Just as I was finishing putting all my gear back into my bag, someone started tugging on my arm and pointing wildly. I looked up from closing my bag and there the bird was resting on the bank. I reopened the bag and put the adapter on the Canon M5 then attached the lens, knowing the egret was going to fly away while I was playing with my gear. But finally, it was all assembled and I dialed in the settings. The AF locked onto the bird, and I took two shots as the boat passed him.

egret

I’m not happy about the leaves behind his head, but at least he gave me a side shot of his face and that golden light is fairly decent. But I was happy with the quality of the picture. The details in the rocks, the feathers in the shadows show up, the AF worked. I was happy I had a set of lenses that let me cover just about any situation in my bag.

Would I recommend a Canon 100-300 F5.6L to someone? With the caveat the AF is slow, it doesn’t like to AF in low light, and the barrel sliding around might drive you crazy. For less than $300, it’s an incredible set of optics. For more than $300, you can probably do better.

As for the moral, sometimes when things look like they are over, they aren’t. You can apply that to both the Egret and the Canon 100-300 F5.6L.

What is ultralight photography?

Although I think it would be fun to take photos from an ultralight aircraft, it sounds extremely dangerous and distracting. So, if you got here looking for how to fly a light aircraft while taking pictures, that’s not what this post is about. Although, I suppose you could look into wearing an action camera but check if it’s alright with the FAA or your version of the FAA first.

Ultralight hiking is the mindset/practice of carrying the lightest tool capable of doing the job. For example, instead of carrying a 10 lb tent, carry a a small 960g tent like the Skyscape Scout or an even lighter tarp. Skip bringing the coffee pot, instead carry instant coffee packets. Instead of hiking boots, wear light weight trail-running shoes. Eventually it starts shaving off significant weight. For some, the idea is to hike into camp and not have their feet hurt. For others it’s about being as efficient as possible, and still others, it’s about being a minimalist.

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Not clown shoes, 286g trail runners

Ask someone who has done a cross country trip on a touring motorcycle how their trip went and compare their answer with someone who did it on a street bike with no rear suspension. One of them will talk about how they felt close to nature, how they could smell the flowers and meadows as they drove along, how they could almost touch the trees. The other will talk about how sore their entire body was and how miserable of an experience it was. One brought the right lightweight tool capable of doing the job and one didn’t.

The most ultralight camera is your mind, but it’s hard to share those images. The second lightest is probably a phone. For many subjects, phones work wonderfully. Cellphone cameras are now hitting the 12-18 megapixel range and are capable of printing magazine sized prints with no issues.

cell phone sunset

Sunset taken with cellphone

If you want to take pictures of birds in flight or take fish-eye shots, most phones can’t do it. A single-lens reflex (SLR) camera used to be about the only choice. SLR cameras were fairly bulky to accommodate film and also had a mirror in the body to reflect the image into the viewfinder. Digital SLR (DSLR) cameras got rid of the film, but the mirror stayed.

Other choices were to use a smaller rangefinder or compact digital camera if you wanted a lightweight camera. For years Leica dominated the rangefinder market. But since the rangefinder was offset from the lens, it was sometimes difficult to determine exactly what the photo would look like. With a compact digital camera you had one fixed lens, much like a cell phone.

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Nikon N90 film camera showing off it’s mirror

In 2009-2010 mirrorless digital cameras started appearing. By using the digital sensor instead of bouncing the light off the mirror and onto an optical screen, they could display the sensor’s information on an electronic viewfinder (EVF) or a back display. Manufacturers took advantage of this new path. Soon thinner, smaller and lighter cameras made their way to the market. Most used smaller sensors to save space and money.

By 2012 most major camera makers had entered the mirrorless market. With the mirror no longer taking space in the camera, the sensor could be moved forward in the body. Soon adapters started coming out for almost every lens ever made allowing them to be used with the mirrorless bodies. Of course, depending on the adapter and lens type some lenses might lose auto-focus, aperture control or even metering. But, if you have a huge library of Carl Zeiss manual focus lenses from your grandma, you might be able to use them with an adapter for your mirrorless camera. This makes the mirrorless system very attractive for some users.

One potential downside of the cropped sensors is an 11mm lens might give an equivalent view of 18mm. Some users will probably have to find a full frame mirrorless camera if they want round fish-eye shots. But, it can also work to your favor. A 200mm lens on some systems becomes equivalent to a 320mm lens (It will vary depending on sensor size) allowing the lens further reach or requiring less cropping for the camera subject.

Since mirrorless cameras are generally smaller and lighter, most of the dedicated system lenses for each system are small and light. I can fit my Canon M5, Canon EF-M 15-45 f 3.5-6.3 IS STM lens, Canon EF-M 22mm f2 lens, backup memory card and backup battery into any amusement parks ride’s storage bin with my Think Tank Mirrorless Mover 10 bag, something I couldn’t do with my DSLR. I can carry it all day with no back strain because it all weighs less than 2.5lbs. I’m pretty sure there is room to add an Canon EF-M 11-22 f4-5.6 STM or an Canon EF-M 28mm f3.5 IS STM macro lens into the bag as well.

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My larger travel bag (Lowepro Event Messenger 150) has room to fit my small bag, a laptop, a Joby GP2-E1EN tripod, a Canon EF to EF-M adapter and a longer EF telephoto zoom lens. The larger bag is still small enough to count as a personal item on flights. Before, I had to choose between bringing my camera gear or my clothing as carry-on. Now, I know my gear bag and clothing bag aren’t being thrown around, getting lost or sent to the wrong location. I don’t worry near as much about my small bag being a beacon for thieves.

To me ultralight photography isn’t about minimalism. Although parts of my brain do appreciate it. For me, it’s about the weight and size. Previously, I would have decided to leave my heavy camera bag in the hotel when I went out to dinner and I wouldn’t have brought my old bag into Disneyland because I wanted to go on rides with my family. Now I can get the photo of my family riding a roller-coaster, or a street performer or a restaurant’s hanging lanterns I would have missed in the past.  The technology has gotten to the point where lightweight mirrorless cameras are capable of doing the same job as larger and heavier DSLRs.

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Also, you can always ask the person who brought the 10 lb tripod if you can use it for a brief moment after they get their shot, they will be tired and need a rest anyways.

USS Iowa BB-61

If I had a dream job it would be as an investigative reporter/photographer. I wouldn’t cover current events; no, I would cover news stories 20 years after they had occurred and try to find out what we got right and what we got wrong. It would be to remind people of the names of the Challenger and Columbia astronauts, to recall mistakes, and to celebrate the sacrifices and triumphs of events and to look at how they have changed the world or one person. It would also be for a major publisher so I wasn’t afraid of being sued for libel.

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USS Iowa BB 61 panoramic

News reporting is hard work, finding two reliable sources to corroborate a story can be a fairly monumental task, especially under a deadline. All too often you are not reporting the truth, but a viewpoint. You go in with a preconceived notion, or your source is promoting their own agenda.

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Turrets #1 and #2 on the USS Iowa

With print journalism’s slow death, and smaller newspaper budgets, investigative journalism has mostly disappeared. We tend to get sound bites and copies of press releases as our news. Being unbiased in reporting is nearly impossible, even watching football the announcers always seem to favor the other team.

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Crew mess hall

17-year-old me recalls turning on the news in mid-April of 1989 and hearing about a massive explosion in the number two turret of the USS Iowa. Forty-seven crew members lost their lives in a training accident. An open breach caused five powder bags to exploded inside the number 2 turret center gun crumpling the bulkhead doors and killing everyone in the turret’s upper levels, 12 men in the lower turret survived when their blast doors held.

Over the next five weeks it turned from an accident into an alleged act of sabotage. And then the news cycle ended.  The Navy had named a crew member for planting a explosive timer into one of the powder bags. I went to college, the Gulf War started and I forgot about the tragedy on the USS Iowa. Instead we heard about the USS Missouri and Wisconsin firing nearly 1200 shells into Iraq and watched a new reporter on CNN named Wolf Blitzer report the nightly war status.

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Damaged hatch cover from Turret 2

Meanwhile, a second investigation and a congressional inquiry into the Iowa were initiated. Almost a year and a half later in October of 1991, the explosion was ruled an accident.

Two officers had convinced the captain that Naval Sea Systems Command (NavSea) had authorized gun testing using experimental loads. It was later revealed the contact at NavSea didn’t have the authority to allow such testing.

The crew had been testing the 16 inch guns using 40 years old powder. It had been adjusted to correct for the difference in burn times due to age and improper storage. Their testing was to see if they could increase the ship’s firing range. The bags stated not for use with the 2700 lbs shells they were firing. The bags were intended for the lighter high-explosive shells weighing 1900 lbs. In initial tests they they recorded the longest shots fired from a battleship.

iowa room

In an earlier test a bag had start smoldering as it was loaded into the gun but they closed the breach in time and the gun only misfired, lightly damaging the ship. In later drop testing of these bags, using the same load as the Iowa the entire test setup was destroyed in an explosion.

Also, as the ship was returning to port after the explosion the captain instructed the crew to throw damaged parts overboard and repaint the interior of the damaged turret. This matter greatly complicated the investigations.

turret 2 motor

As a result of this testing and additional investigation, the accused crew-member was cleared, the Navy offered its regrets to the family, and the cause was determined to be an accidental explosion. No senior officers were officially reprimanded or reduced in rank. The best friend of the sailor they had named as the saboteur was denied re-enlistment likely due to his vocal objection to the initial report. In a Washington Post article in 2001 the captain was quoted as saying, “Only God knows what really happened in that turret. We’re never really going to know for sure.”

The USS Iowa was decommissioned the year following the explosion and the turret was never put back into service. She is currently a museum ship in Los Angeles, CA.

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President Roosevelt took a bath here

The USS Iowa is a ship rich in history. She took part in many battles and shore bombardments in WWII and the Korean War. She served as Admiral Willis Lee’s and Admiral Halsey’s flagship. She has carried presidents Roosevelt and Reagan.

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USS Iowa Bakery

My family went on the tour several weeks ago, it was a great experience. And it’s a great way to pay your respects to the 47 sailors who died serving their country.

However, she is in dire need of new decking.

For more information about the explosion aboard the Iowa there are two books A Glimpse of Hell : The Explosion on the U. S. S. Iowa and It’s Cover-up by Charles C Thompson II and Explosion Aboard the Iowa by Richard L Schwoebel. There is also a movie called A Glimpse of Hell.

All photo’s were taken with my Canon M5 and Canon EF-M 15-45 f 3.5-6.3 IS.